Many people still think that economic growth leads to human development. On the occasion of the 20th issue of the HDI by the UN Development Program economists Gray Molina and Mark Purser analyzed data from 1970 to 2005 from 111 countries with the result that there is no connection between economic growth and human well-being.
The method used compared the income component of the HDI (which is GDP per capita) with the non-income components of life expectancy, school enrollment ratio and literacy. The analysis showed that these two factors are not correlated. Instead, the non-income components are influenced by the role of women in the countries’ societies. Especiallyeducation and participation of women in the business world play an important role.
In conclusion, Molinar and Purser pointed out that decisions concerning fertility and female schooling play a crucial role in human development.